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  • Hankido

    Hankido
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    Developed in the 1980’s this hybrid, Korean martial art incorporates aspects of Aikido but is thought to be more suitable for the Korean based stylist, mixing Aikido-like throwing techniques where the defender utilises the attacking force, re-diverting it, often resulting in a break or a spectacular throw. The system also includes a number of kicking and striking techniques, acrobatic flips, and Tae Kwon Do like kicks. There are 12 basic self defence moves that students must learn and 24 breathing techniques. The central philosophy of the system is based on the three principles:
    1. circle
    2. flow
    3. heart
    Three exercises have been built around those principles to help the students understand and embody the philosophy in movement. The first exercise, the Jeon Hwan Bup, is the circle exercise, teaching the importance of circular-like movements in terms of defence, leverage and throwing. The second, Young Nyu Bup, the so called ‘flow principle’ exercise helps students realise that movements are a continual flow of interaction between themselves and their opponents and that there is no separation, engendering an attitude of fearless, relaxed action.
    The final exercise, Shim Hwa Bup, the heart principle, sometimes known as the ‘rowing exercise’, encourages the development of fighting spirit. A noteworthy difference between Aikido and Hankido is found in the ending of techniques; Aikido players generally end a technique with a throw, Hankido practitioners, on the other hand, following a throw will deliver a series of finishing strikes to remove any possibility of further threat from their opponent.


    The main curriculum follows along the same lines as any other martial art. However, spinning and dancing techniques to develop coordination, rhythm, timing and softness are also incorporated and given equal importance to the actual fighting training. The principle of Ki or Chi is central to the practice and teaching of the art.

    This theme is clearly illustrated in the legend of how the art was founded; it is said that Grand Master Myung always wakes early in the morning and breathes the profound secrets of nature. Breathing techniques are fundamental to the development of Ki and the legend goes on to suggest that whilst practicing his Ki Gong skills, Master Myung spontaneously started to move and the movement were those movements inspired by the profound wisdom of nature as found in breath, this it is said went on to become Hankido.




    Author of this article Chris Crudelli is a Graduate of London University’s SOAS & Beijing Shi Fan University. He is also a Kung Fu & Taiji Master, Author & TV Host best known for his self-penned BBC TV series 'Mind Body Kick Ass Moves' broadcast in over 180 countries worldwide.With over 35 years of experience he has trained and taught in China and Korea for 12 years.


    • Ljgale
      #1
      Ljgale commented
      Editing a comment
      These articles are certainly interesting reads. I did not realise how many other arts have taken influence from aikido.
    Posting comments is disabled.

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